Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Jack Had RSV, Pretty Scary

I picked Jack up at daycare on Thursday and his teacher said he was very tired and didn't want his bottle. I took one look at him and realized it was because his breathing was so bad. I gave him two treatments and my friend Maddy drove to the hospital with me, Julianna and Jack in the back. She dropped me and Jack off and was kind enough to keep Julianna overnight for me.

 Jack's O2 saturation was 88 but quickly dropped to the low 80's. They gave him 5 treatments back to back, IV steroids and admitted him. He still had nasal flaring and retractions and his wheezing was really bad. They were pretty worried because he did not seem to be responding to treatment but he finally started to. He had breathing treatments every three hours for a little over two days. They cultured him and he was positive for RSV.

 On the third day when the pulmonology fellow saw him she said there was no way he could be discharged. When I saw Jack's pulmonologist she said she would discharge him provided I slept next to him (I do anyway to hear his breathing, not in same bed), gave him treatments every four hours, gave him the oral steroids, take him back to pediatrician and pulmonologist and come back to the ER at the slightest sign of any problem. Of course I have no problem with those things.
 What is RSV and why is it such a big deal in preemies?
RSV 101: What Every NICU Parent Needs to Know For most infants, respiratory syncytial (sin-SISH-uhl) virus (RSV) causes an illness like a common cold in the upper and lower respiratory tracts. But some babies, including those born preterm and those with special health care needs, may be at high risk for a severe infection which can cause pneumonia or bronchiolitis, inflammation of the small airways in the lung. These conditions can lead to serious complications, re-hospitalization and in some cases, death. According to the Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 75,000 to 125,000 children in the United States are admitted to the hospital for RSV infections each year. Fortunately, education about the virus and prevention steps can help you reduce your child’s risk.
Is Your Baby or Young Child at Risk?
A preemie may appear healthy, yet still have injured lungs. Chronic Lung Disease (CLD) is the result of a baby’s lungs getting irritated or inflamed. Babies may need a machine called a ventilator to help them breathe. Pressure from a ventilator can sometimes irritate the fragile lungs of these babies, which can cause CLD. CLD may also develop in babies who have received high levels of oxygen for a long time or have had pneumonia. Because their lungs are not normal and may still be healing, babies with CLD are at increased risk for severe RSV disease.
  How Early Was Your Preemie?
If your baby was born at 28 weeks or earlier…Your baby may not have received all the virus-fighting substances, called antibodies, from mom. Also, babies born at 28 weeks may have small, underdeveloped, and narrow airways for breathing. This puts them at high risk for severe RSV disease.
If your baby was born at 29-31 weeks…A bad lung infection can cause clogged airways and serious breathing problems that might lead to hospitalization.
If your baby was born at 32-35 weeks…and is 6 months or younger at the start of RSV season, he or she is considered to be at high risk for severe RSV disease.
If your baby was born at 36 weeks or later…Most full-term babies get a mild form of RSV disease. Symptoms and Diagnosis
An RSV infection usually causes moderate-to-severe cold symptoms in the upper and/or lower respiratory tract. In young infants, the symptoms may be less obvious. According to the American Lung Association, “In very young infants, the only symptoms may be irritability, decreased activity, and breathing difficulties.”
Coughing, sneezing or wheezing that does not stop Stuffy or runny nose Fast breathing or gasping for breath Spread-out nostrils and/or a caved-in chest when trying to breathe A bluish color around the mouth or fingernails A fever (in infants under 3 months of age, a fever greater than 100.4°F rectal is a cause for concern) Mild sore throat Lower appetite Trouble sleeping For diagnosis, your baby’s physician may test a nasal swab for evidence of the virus. A chest X-ray and/or oxygen saturation test may also be done to check for lung congestion.
 Treatment As with many viruses, once the diagnosis is confirmed treatment is limited to managing symptoms. Less severe cases may receive medicine to reduce fever or medicine delivered via a nebulizer, which converts medicine to an easily-inhaled mist to assist the lungs during an infection. Fluids are often recommended especially for young children and infants to prevent dehydration. A bulb syringe can be used to suction mucus from nasal airways in infants. If your child has severe form of RSV, he or she may need to be hospitalized and treated with oxygen, have mucus suctioned from the airways or be placed on a ventilator to assist with breathing. Often hospitalization lasts a few days with most children recovering within one to two weeks.
Prevention RSV spreads just like a common-cold virus. According to the CDC, “people infected with RSV are usually contagious for 3 to 8 days. However, some infants and people with weakened immune systems can be contagious for as long as 4 weeks.” Because contracting RSV does not give protection from future infections, your child can get RSV multiple times—even during a single season. The first infection is usually the most severe with subsequent infections generally having milder symptoms. Taking a few extra precautions around your family and friends can help protect your baby and young child during RSV season.
Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your baby, and ask others to do the same. Cover your coughs or sneezes and show siblings how to practice good hygiene. Don’t let anyone smoke in your home or near your baby or child. Wash your baby’s toys, clothes and bedding often. Don’t share eating utensils and cups with one another. Consider regularly disinfecting high-traffic hard surfaces such as door knobs. Keep your baby away or limit exposure to crowds, young children and anyone with colds. Talk to your pediatrician about palivizumab (Synagis®) shots during RSV season. Preventative Injections Palivizumab (Synagis®) is the only FDA-approved medication to help protect high-risk babies from severe RSV disease. Even though it is given as a shot by your healthcare provider, it’s not a vaccine because it works differently. Each shot, which is given monthly during RSV season, provides a dose of virus-fighting substances called antibodies that help prevent severe RSV disease from infecting your baby’s lungs.
“RSV is one viral illness that actually can be prevented with adequate prophylaxis,” said Dr. Sarmistha B. Hauger, Director, Pediatric Infectious Disease, ‘Specially For Children, Dell Children’s Medical Center. “Babies who fit into the high risk criteria and are born at the time that RSV may be circulating in a community should be identified quickly, and begun on a regimen of monthly injections of palivizumab (Synagis®). This antibody is extremely effectiveat preventing serious illness secondary to RSV,” she said.
Preemies are often born before getting enough antibodies from their mothers to help fight RSV and other viruses. Preemies are also at greater risk for severe RSV disease because their lungs are less developed and their airways are narrower than those of full-term babies. Synagis® helps preemies by providing more infection-fighting antibodies to help protect their vulnerable lungs from RSV. The shots are effective for about a month, which why it′s important to get every single shot on schedule during RSV season.
   Jack was approved for the Synagis vaccine and he does get it. He did not get it in December due to complications from his cochlear implant surgery. He did get the shot right before we left the hospital.
He is a sweet little guy and all the nurses loved his little smile. He has been doing a lot better the last few days. The pediatrician was happy about how he sounded but he still needs multiple breathing treatments each day and he is still on the oral and inhaled steroids. It seems like it is always crazy around here.

1 comment:

  1. What a little cutie! I hope he recovers quickly!